This report was drafted by the COI sector of the Information and Analysis Unit in the European Asylum Support Office (EASO).
This report covers topics on individuals targeted by socio-legal norms in Afghanistan. It was drafted in conjunction with a report on targeting by armed actors linked directly to the conflict, titled EASO Country of Origin Report: Afghanistan - Individuals targeted by armed actors in the conflict.
This report is based on desk research of public, specialised paper-based and electronic sources. The main research was completed up until 30 November 2017. In addition, during the research, EASO researchers conducted extensive interviews with several field experts.
The following cooperated in reviewing and commenting on the report:
- Lifos – Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis, Swedish Migration Agency
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- Neamat Nojumi, a scholar at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution with more than 20 years experience in democratisation, conflict analysis and state-building in Central and Southwest Asia
- United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA)
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.
The general security situation in Afghanistan is largely determined by a long-term, ongoing, internal armed conflict which has resulted in many Afghans being uprooted or seeking refuge in another country. In order to assess the need for international protection, the Commissioner General takes into account the fact that there are fundamental differences between the regions of Afghanistan when it comes to the security situation, the nature and intensity of the violence.