The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection. In particular, it is intended to inform the update of the chapter on Internal Protection Alternative within the Country Guidance on Afghanistan 2020 update.
The report is meant as an update of the EASO COI Report Afghanistan, Key socio-economic indicators 2019.
During 2016, EASO initiated a pilot project to facilitate Member States’ cooperation on the development of country guidance notes on Afghanistan. In the context of this project, the need for updated information was identified on topics of relevance for the consideration of Internal Protection Alternative (IPA) in Afghanistan, with a focus on the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif. This choice of focus was also kept for the 2020 update of Country Guidance on Afghanistan.
After providing some background information on these three cities and discussing their accessibility, the report looks into several socio-economic indicators. The information is provided for the country as a whole, and where available for the three cities separately. Additional attention is paid to specific vulnerable groups such as IDPs, returnees, women and children.
This report was drafted by the European Asylum Support Office Country of Origin Information (COI) Sector.
The following national asylum and migration departments and organisations contributed by reviewing this report:
- Denmark, Danish Immigration Service
- ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation
The drafting of this report was finalised on 27 July 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (2019).
The general security situation in Afghanistan is largely determined by a long-term, ongoing, internal armed conflict which has resulted in many Afghans being uprooted or seeking refuge in another country. In order to assess the need for international protection, the Commissioner General takes into account the fact that there are fundamental differences between the regions of Afghanistan when it comes to the security situation, the nature and intensity of the violence.