EASO Country of Origin Information Report. Actors of Protection


This report provides information on elements and indicators that may help assessing the availability of state protection in Nigeria.

Chapter 1 provides a general introduction to Nigeria.

Chapter 2 provides information on the Nigerian Constitution and on the state’s structure.

Chapters 3 to 9 identify the relevant state actors of protection in Nigeria:

• Nigerian Police Force;

• Nigerian Armed Forces;

• Department of Public Prosecution;

• Courts;

• National Human Rights Commission;

• Public Complaints Commission – The Nigerian Ombudsman;

• National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP).


This report was drafted by Czech Republic, Department for Asylum and Migration Policy, International and European Affairs Unit.

The following national asylum and migration department reviewed this report:

The Netherlands, Immigration and Naturalisation Service, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis (OCILA)

The following external expert reviewed this report:

Stella Amadi Odiase, Lawyer and International Development Practitioner

The following organisation reviewed the report:

ACCORD – Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation

The drafting of this report (including reviewing) was finalised on 5 October 2018. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.


When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.

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