EASO Country of Origin Information Report. Key socio-economic indicators


The report aims to provide information on key socio-economic indicators in Nigeria. Such information is relevant for international protection status determination (PSD; refugee status and subsidiary protection).

The report is divided into two main sections, after a first brief and general introduction to Nigeria in Chapter 1.

Chapter 2 provides information on the key socio-economic indicators:

• Demographics

• Economic growth

• Employment

• Poverty

• Food security

• Housing and living conditions

• Education

• Health care

• Social networks and support mechanisms

A main emphasis, where information is available, is on the situation in Abuja and Lagos and on the socio-economic situation of women, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees.

The third chapter provides information on mobility and internal travel possibilities.

This report was drafted by EASO.

The following national asylum and migration department reviewed this report:

Sweden, Migrationsverket (Swedish Migration Agency), Lifos - Centre for Country of Origin Information and Analysis;

The following external organisation reviewed this report:

Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)

The drafting of this report (including review) was finalised on 4 October 2018. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology.


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.


When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.