Joint COI Report. Criminal procedures and documents


The report was drafted by COI specialists from COI units of the Norwegian Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo), the Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS) and the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM).

It provides information for the processing of individual applications for international protection and does not contain policy guidelines or opinions and does not pass judgement on the merits of applications for international protection.

The report describes the system of criminal procedures in the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI), including actors such as the court system and law enforcement agencies, as well as related judicial documents. It aims to cover relevant aspects of these subjects but should not be taken as exhaustive.

The drafting process (including reviewing) for this report was finalised in November 2021. Any event that took place after this period is not included in this report.

This report was drafted in line with the EASO COI Report Methodology (2019)0 and the EASO COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2019).


The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.

When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.

There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.