This COI Focus aims to provide information on the security situation in Kabul city and is an update of both the COI Focus Afghanistan. Security Situation in Kabul City from 24 April 2018 and the Kabul city chapters taken from the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) Country of Origin Information Report. Afghanistan: Security Situation, published in December 2017 and the EASO Country of Origin Information Report. Afghanistan: Security Situation Update, published in May 2018. For a general introduction to the security situation in Afghanistan, reference is made to the EASO reports listed above, published in December 2017 and May 2018.
This report follows the structure of the individual provincial chapters in the December 2017 and May 2018 EASO reports. The general description of the city contains information on the geography and population; the chapter on the background of the conflict takes a longer term look at the security situation in Kabul, including the actors active in the city. In the chapter on recent trends in the security situation, the nature of the violence, frequency, targets, locations, and victims are described within a timeframe from 1 April 2018 until 31 March 2019. Finally, a separate chapter is dedicated to population displacements caused by the conflict and the situation of IDPs in Kabul city.
This report presents information from 1 April 2018 until 31 March 2019, taken from a wide range of sources, including national and international organizations, governmental agencies and local and international media.
As this report is an update of the Kabul city chapters from the December 2017 and May 2018 EASO reports, it is written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (2012) and the EASO COI Referencing Guide (December 2018).
If any developments significantly change the security situation in Kabul, Cedoca will update this COI Focus as soon as possible.
The general security situation in Afghanistan is largely determined by a long-term, ongoing, internal armed conflict which has resulted in many Afghans being uprooted or seeking refuge in another country. In order to assess the need for international protection, the Commissioner General takes into account the fact that there are fundamental differences between the regions of Afghanistan when it comes to the security situation, the nature and intensity of the violence.