This COI Focus is an addendum to the COI Focus Venezuela. Situation sécuritaire of 4 April 2019. It sheds light on recent developments in Venezuela, in particular the attempted coup on 30 April 2019 and its political consequences for the opposition movement of Juan Guaidó and for the regime of President Nicolás Maduro. This COI Focus also surveys recently published information on the targets of human rights violations in Venezuela.
The reporting period of this COI Focus ends on 4 June 2019.
On 30 April 2019, an attempt was made to depose President Nicolás Maduro by means of an insurrection, with calls to the army to side with the opposition. This failed coup weakened the position of opposition leader Juan Guaidó and his supporters. The repression of opposition politicians increased. The Venezuelan authorities and their allies also target (alleged) anti-government protesters, human rights activists and journalists. Talks between representatives of the Maduro government and the opposition to break the political deadlock did not achieve any results and were suspended.
The policy implemented by the Commissioner General is based on a thorough analysis of accurate and up-to-date information on the general situation in the country of origin. This information is collated in a professional manner from various, objective sources, including the EASO, the UNHCR, relevant international human rights organisations, non-governmental organisations, professional literature and coverage in the media. When determining policy, the Commissioner General does not only examine the COI Focuses written by Cedoca and published on this website, as these deal with just one aspect of the general situation in the country of origin. The fact that a COI Focus could be out-of-date does not mean that the policy that is being implemented by the Commissioner General is no longer up-to-date.
When assessing an application for asylum, the Commissioner General not only considers the actual situation in the country of origin at the moment of decision-making, he also takes into account the individual situation and personal circumstances of the applicant for international protection. Every asylum application is examined individually. An applicant must comprehensively demonstrate that he has a well-founded fear of persecution or that there is a clear personal risk of serious harm. He cannot, therefore, simply refer back to the general conditions in his country, but must also present concrete, credible and personal facts.
There is no policy paper for this country available on the website.