Country of origin information

Recent reports

09 Sep 2021

This report covers the overall security situation in Afghanistan from 1 March to 31 August 2021 and contains information on clashes and other security related events on provincial and district level during the reference period. The report also describes the Taliban's take-over of Afghanistan as international forces withdrew, beginning with the increased number of districts falling under Taliban control between March and July, followed by the capture of provincial capitals between 6 and 14 August, including the 'heavily defended' northern city of Mazar-e Sharif, and the final take-over of the capital Kabul on 15 August 2021. 

The report does not cover events after 31 August.

06 Sep 2021

Ce rapport s’intéresse à la situation des homosexuels au Maroc.

Le terme « homosexuel » désigne tant les hommes que les femmes mais lorsqu’il s’agira d’insister sur la dimension spécifique de l’expérience des uns ou des autres, le Cedoca utilisera alors les termes « gay » et « lesbienne ».

La recherche documentaire couvre la période du 1er janvier 2019 au 31 juillet 2021. Le Cedoca a clôturé la recherche le 7 août 2021.

30 Aug 2021

In view of the current situation in Afghanistan, the COI and the policy paper regarding this country are no longer valid.

On 16 August 2021, the CGRS decided a temporary and partial suspension of the notification of decisions for Afghan applicants.

All reports (249)


18 July 2017

The nine southern provinces of Iraq were not directly affected by the ISIS offensive of June 2014 in central Iraq, with the exception of the northern part of the province of Babil, where ISIS tried to force its way to Baghdad via the roads to the west and south-west of the capital.

31 March 2016

Baghdad Province is formally under government control but Shia militias are prominently present. Along with the Iraqi security forces, they carry out security checks and maintain order in Baghdad, which is a source of concern for the minority Sunni population, who fears a resumption of the 2006-2007 civil war.


30 March 2020

This report is an update of the COI Focus of 25 October 2018, titled COI Focus Iran. Risico bij terugkeer. The report describes the attitude of the Iranian authorities towards Iranian nationals who return to their country after leaving the country illegally, submitting a request for international protection in Belgium and/or having lived in Belgium. It does not discuss the treatment by the authorities of returnees with a political, ethnic, religious or terrorist profile.

This report concerns the period from 1 November 2018 to 1 March 2020. The literature search for this update was concluded on 20 March 2020.

Ivory Coast

24 October 2019

This report updates the COI Focus of 17 June 2015 on female genital mutilation (FGM) in Ivory Coast.

It does not claim to be exhaustive and is not intended as a statistical or sociological study. Research for this report was closed on 9 October 2019.

04 June 2019

The report provides information on selected topics, relevant for the international protection status determination of Ivorian applicants.

It is not meant to be a general description of the human rights situation in the country, nor a comprehensive overview of all topics at stake in international protection status determination.

25 October 2018

Ce COI Focus concerne la pratique du mariage forcé en Côte d’Ivoire. Un mariage forcé est un mariage qui est conclu sans le libre consentement des deux époux ou lorsque le consentement d'au moins un des époux a été donné sous la contrainte physique et/ou morale (violence, menaces, chantage affectif, pressions psychologiques, etc.). Si le mariage forcé concerne principalement les femmes et les filles, les hommes et les garçons peuvent également en être victimes.

Le mariage arrangé se distingue du mariage forcé en ce que, même si les familles interviennent dans l’arrangement du mariage, la décision finale revient aux futurs époux. Toutefois, différents degrés de coercition peuvent exister de telle sorte qu’il n’est pas toujours aisé de différencier un mariage arrangé d’un mariage forcé.