Country of origin information

Recent reports

06 Dec 2021

The report was drafted by COI specialists from COI units of the Norwegian Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo), the Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS) and the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM).

It provides information for the processing of individual applications for international protection and does not contain policy guidelines or opinions and does not pass judgement on the merits of applications for international protection.

The report describes the system of criminal procedures in the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI), including actors such as the court system and law enforcement agencies, as well as related judicial documents. It aims to cover relevant aspects of these subjects but should not be taken as exhaustive.

25 Nov 2021

Le présent rapport dresse un état des lieux de la situation sécuritaire en République centrafricaine (RCA). Il porte sur la période allant du 1er juin 2020 au 7 novembre 2021, date de la clôture de la recherche, mais se focalise surtout sur le conflit armé entre le gouvernement et l’alliance rebelle Coalition des patriotes pour le changement (CPC) déclenché en décembre 2020 et les séquelles de ces violences. Ce COI Focus constitue une mise à jour du COI Focus du 23 juin 2020.

25 Nov 2021

This report provides information on key socio-economic indicators in Iraq, focusing on the cities of Baghdad, Basrah, and Sulaymaniyah and highlights aspects of the legal and administrative requirements for Iraqis to enter and settle in the respective city, ID documents and access to basic services, the situation of IDPs and returnees, and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.

This report is an update to the EASO COI Report: Iraq Key Socio-economic Indicators, published in September 2020.

The reference period for this report covers the time period between 1 August 2020 and 15 October 2021.

This report is a part of a series of Iraq reports that will be produced in 2021-2022.

All reports (263)


27 January 2020

This report concerns the Syrian territories, which have been outside the control of the Government of Syria (GoS) and returned to GoS control through so-called reconciliation agreements. It explores how these agreements were reached, their consequences for the population of the respective areas, as well as how GoS exerts its control in the aftermath. Not all areas/cities are included, but rather a selection that serves to illustrate the different developments.

The report covers the period from 2014 until October 2019. The drafting of this report was finalised on 1 October 2019. Some additional information was added during the finalisation of this report in response to feedback received during the quality control process until 28 October 2019.

23 December 2019

The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information regarding the main actors in Syria for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, and in particular to inform the EASO country guidance development on Syria.

The information gathered is a result of research using public, specialised paper-based and electronic sources until 31 October 2019. Some additional information was added during the finalisation of this report in response to feedback received during the quality control process, until 29 November 2019. The report is based on information from UN reports, reports from human rights organisations, academic publications and news articles, that in different ways describe the actors in Syria.

11 November 2019

This report analyses the security situation in Syria, focusing in particular on the situation for the civilian population. The reference period is 2018 and the first half of 2019. Some additional information was added during the finalisation of this report in response to feedback received during the quality control process until 18 September 2019.

After finalisation of the content of the report by Landinfo, during the editing phase, significant developments to the security situation occurred, which did not follow recent trends in the conflict. Because of the significant nature of these developments, having an impact on the content of this report, EASO agreed with Landinfo to include a separate chapter (Chapter 6, New developments), with a short overview of information up until 23 October 2019. Because of the early stage and volatile nature of such developments in the conflict, information on this will have to be updated on short notice. EASO plans such update by spring 2020.

13 March 2018

The purpose of the meeting was to facilitate discussions among participants on key issues in Syria relevant to COI researchers, to update each other on recent information needs and new national products, and to discuss future joint activities.

03 January 2018

Syrian males who do not show up for compulsory military service risk being listed as wanted by the government.


24 March 2020

La présente recherche s’intéresse essentiellement à la situation spécifique des homosexuels en Tanzanie. Le Cedoca a également inclus dans ce rapport des informations au sujet de l’identité de genre en Tanzanie, surtout lorsque celles-ci apparaissent dans le contexte plus large des droits des LGBT (lesbiennes, gays, bisexuel-le-s, transgenres). En effet, plusieurs sources indiquent que de nombreux Tanzaniens confondent les notions d’orientation sexuelle et d’identité de genre.

Le Cedoca fera souvent référence aux minorités sexuelles, mais également au sigle LGBT qui englobe d’autres réalités mais qui est utilisé par un nombre important de sources consultées. Il en est de même pour l’expression « hommes ayant des rapports sexuels avec des hommes » (HSH, ou en anglais : men who have sex with men, MSM), souvent utilisée dans un contexte académique ou épidémiologique et qui se focalise sur la pratique sexuelle plutôt que l’orientation sexuelle.

La recherche documentaire couvre la période de 2014 à fin mars 2020.