The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection. In particular, it is intended to inform the update of the chapter on Internal Protection Alternative within the Country Guidance on Afghanistan 2020 update.
The report is meant as an update of the EASO COI Report Afghanistan, Key socio-economic indicators 2019.
During 2016, EASO initiated a pilot project to facilitate Member States’ cooperation on the development of country guidance notes on Afghanistan. In the context of this project, the need for updated information was identified on topics of relevance for the consideration of Internal Protection Alternative (IPA) in Afghanistan, with a focus on the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif. This choice of focus was also kept for the 2020 update of Country Guidance on Afghanistan.
After providing some background information on these three cities and discussing their accessibility, the report looks into several socio-economic indicators. The information is provided for the country as a whole, and where available for the three cities separately. Additional attention is paid to specific vulnerable groups such as IDPs, returnees, women and children.
This report was drafted by the European Asylum Support Office Country of Origin Information (COI) Sector.
The following national asylum and migration departments and organisations contributed by reviewing this report:
- Denmark, Danish Immigration Service
- ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation
The drafting of this report was finalised on 27 July 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (2019).
Politique de traitement
La situation sécuritaire en Afghanistan est en grand partie déterminée par un conflit armé interne de longue durée, en raison duquel un grand nombre de personnes ont été déplacées à l’intérieur du pays ou se sont réfugiées à l’étranger. Pour évaluer le besoin de protection internationale, le commissaire général tient compte du fait qu’il existe en Afghanistan des différences régionales majeures dans la situation sécuritaire et dans la nature et l’intensité de la violence.