EUAA COI Report. Defection, desertion and disengagement from Al Shabaab


The report provides background information and whenever available data about deserting and defecting pathways out of Al-Shabaab militant group. After distinguishing between the formal and the informal options, the report engages with the main challenges and consequences associated with them. Men, women, and children’s profiles, as well as forms of engagement with the group, are discussed as key determinants of potentially available pathways. Complementing this overview, which is based on research findings limited in scope and representativeness, the report relies on a pool of expert interviews which help shed some light on the unreported and underreported aspects of the issues at stake.

The reference period is from 1 July 2021 to 30 November 2022. The information gathered is a result of desk research and oral source interviews and input until 18 November 2022. Some limited additional information was added during the finalisation of this report in response to feedback received during the quality control process, until 9 December 2022.

This report was written by the COI Sector of the EUAA. The following departments and organisations have reviewed the report, together with EUAA:

- Germany, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF), Country Analysis;

- Belgium, Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons, CEDOCA – Documentation and Research Center;

- Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD).

This report is produced in line with the EUAA COI Report Methodology (2019) and the EUAA COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2019).

Politique de traitement

Depuis la chute du président Siad Barre en 1991, la Somalie est plongée dans le chaos. Plusieurs autorités de transition se sont succédé depuis l’an 2000. Dans les années 1990, le Somaliland et le Puntland ont acquis une indépendance de fait par rapport à l’Etat fédéral somalien. La situation sécuritaire au Somali est en grand partie déterminée par un conflit armé interne de longue durée en raison duquel un grand nombre de personnes ont été déplacées à l’intérieur du pays ou se sont réfugiées à l’étranger. Pour évaluer le besoin de protection internationale, le commissaire général tient compte du fait qu’il y a des différences fondamentales dans la situation à Mogadiscio, dans le centre et le sud de la Somalie, d’une part, et la situation au Puntland et au Somaliland, d’autre part.